Basque,Language,Agglutinative,Verb system,Inflection,Cases,History,Unique

The history and structure of the Basque language

The history and structure of the Basque language

Spain is a country that is famous for its rich culture, history, and diversity. When it comes to languages, Spain is known for its official language, Spanish, which is also called Castilian. However, Spanish is not the only language spoken in Spain. In this blog post, we will discuss the different languages spoken in Spain.

Spanish or Castilian: Spanish is the official language of Spain, and it is spoken by the majority of the population. Castilian Spanish is the standard dialect used in Spain, and it is also used as a second language in many countries around the world. Spanish is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain. It is spoken by over 47 million people in Spain.

Catalan: Catalan is spoken in Catalonia, Valencia, and the Balearic Islands. It is also spoken in the eastern part of Aragon and the Roussillon region of France. Catalan is a Romance language, and it is closely related to Spanish and Occitan. It is the second most spoken language in Spain, with over 9 million speakers.

Galician: Galician is spoken in Galicia, a region in the northwest of Spain. It is closely related to Portuguese and is considered a language in its own right. Galician has around 3 million speakers.

Basque: A Fascinating Language with a Unique History

The Basque language is one of the most fascinating languages in the world. It is unique in its structure and has a rich history that dates back to prehistoric times. The Basque language is spoken by approximately 750,000 people in the Basque Country, which is located in the western Pyrenees region of Spain and France. In this blog post, we will explore the history and structure of the Basque language.


The origins of the Basque language are a subject of debate among linguists. Some believe that it is the only surviving language of the pre-Indo-European languages that were spoken in Europe before the arrival of the Indo-European languages. Others believe that it is a language that evolved from the Iberian language, which was spoken in the Iberian Peninsula before the arrival of the Romans.

The Basque language has a rich literary tradition that dates back to the 16th century. One of the most important works in the Basque language is the "Gero," a book of religious poems that was published in 1545. Since then, the Basque language has continued to develop and evolve, with many important literary works being written in the language.


The Basque language is unique in its structure. It is an agglutinative language, which means that words are formed by combining several morphemes together. Unlike other agglutinative languages, such as Turkish or Japanese, the Basque language has a complex system of affixes that are added to the base words.

One of the most interesting features of the Basque language is its verb system. Basque verbs have a complex system of inflection that allows for a wide range of meanings to be expressed with a single verb. For example, the Basque verb "egin" can be translated as "to do," "to make," "to start," "to cook," and "to bake," depending on the context in which it is used.

Another interesting feature of the Basque language is its case system. Basque has a total of eight cases, which are used to indicate the role that a noun or pronoun plays in a sentence. These cases include the absolutive, ergative, dative, genitive, instrumental, comitative, locative, and allative cases.


In conclusion, the Basque language is a fascinating language with a unique history and structure. It has survived for thousands of years and continues to be spoken by a significant number of people in the Basque Country. If you are interested in learning a language that is unlike any other, the Basque language is definitely worth considering.